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Meltblown Fabrics Of Inferior Masks: Return To The Book In A Week

May 25, 2020

As the epidemic continued, the problem of inferior masks began to highlight. In early May, Beijing seized 120,000 low-quality masks; a few days ago, Hubei Xiantao also destroyed more than 1 million unqualified masks.

Behind inferior masks is a complete industrial chain. 5. In order to obtain huge profits, some of the key filter materials used in masks are melt-blown cloths. Some enterprises “refill well” and replace them with inferior melt-blown cloths with extremely poor protection.

The so-called low-quality melt-blown cloth is to replace the melt-blown grade fiber material with cheaper ordinary polypropylene fiber material, and replace the professional melt-blown cloth equipment with nearly ten million yuan with a small melt blow machine of 300,000 yuan each. In the end, what was produced was a "meltblown cloth" that had not been electret-treated and had a filtration efficiency of only 40% to 50%.

It is precisely because of the disruption of inferior meltblown cloth that has caused the entire industry chain to fall into chaos recently, including its upstream raw materials such as polypropylene, propylene and other chemical products.

image for meltblown fabric

Baichuan information data shows that on May 10, the mainstream transaction price of the propylene market was 5900-5950 yuan / ton, and on the 12th it had risen to 8000 yuan / ton.

Under the influence of the soaring price of propylene, its downstream industry suffered a total loss. At a price of 8,000 yuan, propylene oxide lost 550 yuan per ton, n-butanol lost 1,650 yuan, octanol lost 1,800 yuan, and acrylonitrile lost 4,200 yuan ... … Even, some companies have started to sell propylene originally used as raw materials.

For regular melt-blown cloth, it is necessary to use 1500 melt-finger special melt-blown material, add electret masterbatch and electret process to further improve the filtration efficiency.

Pay back in a week

For regular melt-blown cloth, it is necessary to use 1500 melt-finger special melt-blown material, add electret masterbatch and electret process to further improve the filtration efficiency.

The disadvantage is that the equipment investment is large, the production capacity is long, and the price of the special material for melt blowing is high. But driven by huge profits, these problems are no longer a problem.

Until May 14, some people still released the melt-blown cloth production line on the online procurement platform, with the price of each set ranging from 300,000 yuan to 400,000 yuan.

For example, the production equipment of a medium-sized meltblown machine in a protective equipment company in Hunan has a price of 450,000 yuan and a daily output of 100 to 300 kilograms. "The package will be delivered in 20 days."

Raw materials are not a problem. Special melt-blown materials are expensive, so they are replaced with ordinary polypropylene fiber materials.

"Two weeks ago, the price of PP fiber material for producing low-quality melt-blown cloth was 7,000 yuan / ton, and the price of melt-blown PP was 60,000 yuan / ton, and there was no goods to buy." The industry source said.

It should be pointed out that 1 ton of melt-blown cloth consumes 1.5 tons of special materials for melt-blown. The choice of raw material end is very obvious for the overall cost reduction. Without electret treatment, the cost of small workshops can also be reduced by 10,000 yuan per ton. about.

The melt-blown fabric produced by cutting corners has thicker fibers and poorer barrier effect, and cannot achieve the protective effect of the regular melt-blown fabric. At the same time, because the electret treatment is not performed, the melt-blown fabric also has less electrostatic adsorption function.

This is like the difference between fishing nets. The melt-blown cloth of small workshops can only catch sharks, and the melt-blown cloth of regular manufacturers can be used to catch loach. The difference in mesh size is too large.

"The inferior meltblown fabric produced in the end is sold at a price of RMB 350,000-600,000 / ton. Such a profit opportunity is enough for many people to abandon the principle and take risks.

This account can be calculated. Assuming that the initial equipment investment is 400,000 yuan, the cost of using 2040 fiber material per ton of raw materials is 37,500 yuan, the daily output is 200 kg, and the product price is calculated at 350,000 yuan. It is not a dream to return to this one week.

The huge arbitrage space has attracted a crazy influx of private funds "

Overturn the entire industry chain

In the past, inferior meltblown fabrics have overturned the entire propylene industry chain with their own efforts.

Because the proportion of high-melting polypropylene fiber material in the polypropylene downstream consumption field is very small, it is difficult to have a substantial impact on the price of polypropylene.

In addition, the product itself is in a state of oversupply. In the state of shortage of masks in the early stage, it did not have any impact on the price of polypropylene. The domestic polypropylene futures price dropped to 5600 from 7,000 yuan per ton after the holiday. yuan.

According to Zhang Chi's calculations, the National Development and Reform Commission announced that the domestic mask output is 100 million pieces / day, and the corresponding polypropylene consumption is only 200 tons. However, the domestic daily production of polypropylene fiber materials is 6300 tons, and the output of polypropylene is 63,000 tons.

Therefore, the polypropylene fiber material consumed in the production of melt-blown cloth is nothing more than a singular.

"After the price of polypropylene fiber material increased sharply, supply-side manufacturers converted a large number of polypropylene fiber materials, and the proportion of fiber material output increased by 5 times in just one week, reaching a record high of 31%."

After the limited production capacity was transferred to fiber materials, the production capacity of another polypropylene drawing material was correspondingly reduced, and the production scheduling ratio was reduced from 35% to 20%, which was almost cut.

Generally speaking, when a 10% production cut occurs in a cyclical industry, it is enough to stimulate a sharp increase in product prices, not to mention such a big drop in polypropylene wire drawing materials.

And the drawing material corresponds to the standard delivery of polypropylene futures. Not surprisingly, polypropylene futures rebounded in response, rising from 5,600 yuan / ton to 7,200 yuan / ton.

The operation of the entire industry chain is like a gear plate tightly engaged, and a problem in one link will cause a systemic failure.

The change in polypropylene has further transmitted to the upstream product propylene. Unfortunately, the most upstream crude oil market has also been uneven recently, and international oil prices have rebounded due to the news of production cuts.

Squeezed at both ends, propylene prices went away.

Business agency data shows that on May 12, the propylene market price in Shandong continued to skyrocket, and the single-day price increase once again exceeded 1,000 yuan / ton, an increase of 35.02%. Market transactions have soared to 8,000-12,000 yuan / ton, and some manufacturers have suspended Quote.

Then, some downstream products of propylene were affected again.

"In addition to polypropylene, the cost pressure of other downstream products is quite large, the number of enterprises that reduce negative parking and parking is increasing, and the trading volume of the propylene market has shrunk significantly."

According to the calculation of the agency, based on the price of 8,000 yuan / ton of propylene, the loss of propylene oxide is 550 yuan / ton, the loss of n-butanol is 1,650 yuan / ton, the loss of octanol is 1,800 yuan / ton, and the loss of acrylonitrile is 4,200 yuan / ton ...

In the future, with the mass market of Sinopec and PetroChina's real meltblown fabrics, the price of meltblown fabrics will be accelerated, and the living space of inferior meltblown fabrics will be reduced accordingly.

However, with the increase in attention this week, polypropylene futures prices have taken the lead in falling, the main 09 contract on the 14th fell 5.86%, almost falling limit.

Source :http://www.up-resin.com/