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Rapid Construction Of Medical Isolation Room With Composite Materials

May 13, 2020

There is now a need to quarantine individuals who have been infected with the new coronavirus or suspected of being infected but have not shown serious symptoms. Such isolation facilities should be comfortable and economically viable, and can be achieved through fast and sustainable building technology.

Korean thermoplastic composites manufacturer Axia Materials and its partners have announced that Quarantreat medical isolation rooms are available to meet this demand anywhere in the world.

Quarantreat is a medical isolation studio with a hotel-grade interior and an optional negative pressure ventilation (NPV) system that controls pathogens in the air. It is designed for rapid installation and used as a quarantine system for low-symptom or asymptomatic infected or potentially infected patients. In a compact 12.5 square meter living room equipped with all the necessary equipment for a comfortable life for a few weeks, including a full shower bathroom, furniture, HVAC system with active ventilation and Internet of Things function; also provides a built-in TV Computer, mini fridge and NPV options.

This isolation room can be quickly transported anywhere on the earth. The two isolation units can be transported in a 40-foot-high cubic shipping container or in the cargo bay of a C-130 cargo aircraft. After delivery, the only configuration required is to connect power, pipes and optional communication networks. Many units can be combined together, sharing a centralized service center, providing food service and reception supervision.


Quarantereat GS is an improved collection of quarantereat units, which are assembled into a coordinated grid system to form a medical intensive care unit (ICU). The standard NPV system within the grid controls pathogens in the air, and the built-in IoT and smart house functions of each isolation unit can be integrated into patient condition monitoring equipment (not provided) to keep the medical team informed of the patient's condition.

     LitePan and LiteTex composite technology      

The design and performance of the isolation room are inseparable from the use of LitePan composite thermal insulation structural panels (C-SIPs), which provide the structural integrity of each unit, as well as hermetic sealing and thermal insulation performance, ensuring low operation of climate and pressure control cost.

All materials used to build isolation rooms have undergone rigorous testing to ensure safety in the living environment. The test content includes fire safety, structural integrity and chemical emissions. LiteTex is a composite laminate in LitePan. It imparts strength and airtightness to thermally insulated structural panels. There are no measurable emissions of volatile organic compounds. This is a basic requirement for medical devices. The LitePan structural system was ventilated 0.24 times at 50 Pa, n50 [/ h], achieving a result that was four times better than the world's leading German passive house standard.

Because of this sealing performance, the movable NPV (negative pressure ventilation) system used in the isolation room can effectively maintain the required pressure difference, while maintaining a ventilation rate of 12 to 40 times per hour, with a library less than 40 dB noise level. The NPV prescribed by the hospital is more than 12 ventilations per hour.

Internal and external surface laminates ensure compliance with fire safety standards. The Quarantreat isolation room has a thermal resistance value of R24, the flame spread of the interior and exterior walls and ceiling surfaces is ASTM E84 Class A, the internal fire resistance according to ASTM E119 is 60 minutes, and it has an easy-to-clean antibacterial interior.

After the epidemic crisis subsides, the isolation room can be re-disposed and used as a modular hotel, collective dormitory, veteran housing, temporary residence, or other affordable housing.