Industry news: Fishing boat glass tempering is an important content and a general trend in the development of green fishing industry. Countries and regions with developed marine fishing industry around the general manager, the glass tempering rate of small and medium-sized fishing vessels exceeds 50 However, due to the multiple problems such as the weak economic foundation of fishermen and the lack of understanding of FRP fishing boats, the transformation of the mainland’s fishing boat glass toughening has resulted in a large amount of production capacity, but the transformation process has been slow. In fact, a similar situation has occurred on the island of Taiwan, and it has been well resolved with the encouragement of relevant department policies. Taiwan’s experience has many lessons for speeding up the transformation of the mainland’s fishing boat glass. At the same time, the development of Taiwan's fishery and shipbuilding industry has also faced some practical problems, and it can happen to learn from the mainland.
A business and a ship
In recent days, the spring breeze of the southern country has blown, and the fishing season in Jiangsu has begun quietly. Spring fishing income will account for 60% of the fishermen’s annual income, which is when the fishermen are struggling to strive for a good year, but Mr. Deng, an old fisherman who has caught three generations of fish on the water, is not happy.
"A ship should be scrapped in about 50 years." Lao Deng said that his wooden ship is nearing the end of its scrapping period. In the past two years, many of my friends have been replaced by glass fiber reinforced plastic fishing boats. They drive fast and save fuel, but the price is 10% or 20% higher than that of steel boats. For these people who are still rowing wooden boats, it is a sky-high price. Too.
"The materials used in this boat were logs with thick bowls. These years, they are very emotional. However, nowadays, they can't buy a few dollars at a discount. The wooden boats eliminated by friends around them are called nearby to pull furniture. "The old Deng said, the weather has changed frequently in the past two years, coupled with water pollution and other reasons, the fishermen's money is getting worse and worse.
Worry about buying a boat, not easy to sell a boat. Less than 60 kilometers from the old Deng's house, Liang Hui Shipyard in Changzhou City, Zhejiang Province, and Liang Hui, the factory director, are also wiping their heads with sweat. Liang Hui was originally a fisherman and later made a fortune in import and export business. A few years ago, looking at the good prospects for the development of FRP ships, and thinking of the hard work of the fishermen on the river, they started up FRP ships. He had thought that this kind of boat is light and fast, and there must be a good market. Who knows, it is not the case to be full when it is done. "The cost is too high, and the fishermen are reluctant to buy it." Liang Hui said that for the fishermen, the boat is "a guy who eats all his life." Many fishermen are still "glass" boats when they hear that they are more expensive than wooden boats and steel boats. Not even willing to look at it and left.
Taiwan experience is worth learning
In fact, the advantages of FRP ships (that is, FRP ships, the same below) have been recognized worldwide: the thermal conductivity of FRP is only 1% of that of steel, which has good thermal insulation. Ice can reach 20% to 40%, light weight and fuel saving, can save about 10% to 15% of oil, and has the characteristics of low maintenance cost, long service life and convenient maintenance, although the one-time investment is 15% higher than steel ships ~25%, but its comprehensive cost performance is much higher than steel fishing boats.
"Accelerating the transformation of glass tempering of small and medium-sized fishing boats is a major measure to build an energy-saving and environmentally friendly green fishing industry and enhance the international competitiveness of China's marine fishing industry. It is a good thing that benefits the country and the people." Wang Zhuohui, member of the National Committee of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference, said At this stage, the glass fiberglass transformation of fishing boats is still faced with problems such as large investment, high cost, and inconsistent ship type standards. We can learn from the useful experience of neighboring countries and regions to accelerate this process.
The rise of the FRP fishing boat industry in Taiwan Province is inextricably linked to the Taiwan authorities’ loan for the fishing boat glass tempering transformation. Like the mainland, most of the fishermen are suffering from the glass fiberglass transformation of fishing boats in Taiwan, and they are unable to buy ships. In addition, there is still little knowledge of FRP fishing boats with this new material. For some time, fiberglass fishing boats have not been recognized among fishermen.
However, since the authorities implemented loans, the characteristics of FRP fishing vessels have gradually been recognized. For a period of time, 90% of the orders of FRP fishing vessels were loan lenders. FRP fishing vessels can develop to the current level, which has a great relationship with the increase of the loan amount of the Taiwan authorities year by year. The "Energy-saving fishing boat loan incentive method of less than 50 tons" has been listed as a five-year plan, seeking to gradually phase out fishing boats with poor energy efficiency in order to reduce the operating costs of fishermen. The FRP fishing boat is listed as the only reward object in the "Specifications for Energy-Saving Fishing Boats", which not only shows that the energy-saving effect of FRP fishing boats has been affirmed by relevant departments, but also greatly encouraged the enthusiasm of fishermen to change boats. In Taiwan, 95% of newly-built fishing vessels under 300 tons are made of fiberglass. Not only did the fishermen make a lot of profits, but the shipyards also sprung up, which greatly drove the development of the local economy.
Mainland Taiwan may complement each other
It seems that Taiwan’s FRP fishing vessels are much earlier than the mainland in terms of R&D or popularization. However, the rapid changes in technology are so impermanent. At present, it is difficult to say that the Taiwan FRP fishing market is in a “brilliant age”. Straight ahead, the technical level has reached or even surpassed that of Taiwan. As the Taiwan Agricultural Committee adopts restrictions on the construction and reduction of fishing vessels, the prospects for the development of related industries in Taiwan are not promising. However, unlike the policy environment in Taiwan, mainland FRP shipyards are flourishing, and Taiwan can "share" the fruits of the prosperity of mainland shipyards.
In recent years, countries around the world have requested major fishing nations to reduce the number of fishing vessels, and Taiwan Province is no exception. In addition to the domestic market for Taiwanese fishery products, foreign markets are concentrated in Japan alone, and consumption is fixed, and fish prices vary greatly with output. The risk of fishermen's operations has greatly increased. Under such circumstances, the number of employees in the fishing industry is declining, and the development of related shipyards is also sluggish. Many Taiwanese shipyards abandoned the whole ship self-built and instead imported main engines and related auxiliary equipment from Japan. According to Taiwan’s current policy, only fishery companies and fishermen can enjoy duty-free concessions. Therefore, many shipyards in Taiwan have gradually evolved to be limited to the construction and modification of FRP hulls, and the ship’s “core” is purchased and installed by the shipowners themselves. Many hidden dangers to ships have been added.
In contrast to the mainland, the biggest advantage of the current FRP ship development in the mainland is that it has sufficient production capacity and a variety of choices. From high-end shipyards comparable to Japan's cutting-edge technology to low-cost mid- and low-level shipyards, Taiwan shipyards and ship owners can choose from various levels. The prospects for cross-strait cooperation in this regard are very promising.